Decentralized network has multiple nodes. When two users (i.e. message sender “Alice” & intended recipient “Bob”), who have performed out-of-band key verification from the outset, are trying to start communicating on Citium. The service node of Alice is responsible for hosting the signed source file of the message. All user and service nodes are potentially part of the message digests delivery network (MDDN) responsible for hosting the message digests which will provide sufficient information for Bob to locate the source file of the message. No single point of failure (SPOF) can impact the spread of message digests and collection of them through indiscriminate mesh-tree multicast (IMTM).


Fully Decentralization: The majority of the contemporary online application service providers are using some forms of centralized methods (e.g. servers hosted in a datacenter) to structure their user management systems. It means monitoring. Because no matter how vigorously the service providers assert that they are effectively guarding the user information (e.g. email, IPs, username & password) against maladministration or hack, theoretically, they hold the power to modify or delete the information. Therefore, decentralization is absolutely necessary to achieve the level of confidence that one can rule out even theoretical mishaps from happening.